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Cone or flask? shape detects confinement

In physics, confinement of particles is such an important phenomenon that the Clay Mathematics Institute has even pledged an award of a million dollars to anyone who can give a convincing and exhaustive scientific explanation from a mathematical point of view. For example, the quarks are confined in pairs or threes by the strong interaction- the force which holds the nuclei of the atoms together- making up neutrons and protons. A recent study at SISSA adds a new chapter to what we know about confinement.

Food Knowledge is Resilient

A SISSA research study published in a special issue of the journal Brain and Cognition, completely dedicated to the cognitive neuroscience of food, analyzes the lexical-semantic deficits of the food category in patients suffering from neurodegenerative diseases like Alzheimer's. The study shows that knowledge about food is preserved more than other categories of stimuli, even in the case of severe syndromes. Further, perception of caloric intake affects a person’s ability to remember the name of a food; the higher the calories, the more knowledge is preserved.

PRIN: ottimi risultati dei ricercatori SISSA

Ancora una volta la SISSA si dimostra una Scuola “eccellente”: nelle selezioni del bando PRIN (Progetti di Rilevante Interesse Nazionale, assegnati dal Ministero dell’Istruzione, Università e Ricerca) per il 2015 la Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA) di Trieste ha ottenuto ottimi risultati, posizionandosi, in termini di  numero di progetti finanziati su progetti presentati, ai primi posti a livello nazionale. 

Red is Good

Red means "Green light, go for it!" Green means: "hmm, better not!" Like an upside down traffic light in our brain, color helps us decide whether or not to eat something. This, according to a study at the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste and recently published in the journal Scientific Reports stating that vision is the main sense we use to guide us in food choices. To evaluate calorie intake, we rely on a "color code."

“Neighbour maps” reveal the genome in 3D

A group coordinated by the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste has built a three-dimensional computer model of the human genome. The shape of DNA (as well as its sequence) significantly affects biological processes and is therefore crucial for understanding its function. This new study has provided a first three-dimensional, approximate but realistic, identikit of the human genome.

Donne e Università in Italia

Un risultato nato da un intenso scambio di opinioni ed esperienze durante la conferenza Womath 2016 (Women and Research in Mathematics: the Contribution of SISSA), tenutasi a settembre alla Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi avanzati (SISSA) di Trieste: in tre giorni di dibattiti e conferenze, le scienziate hanno concretizzato il loro impegno nel valorizzare e supportare le carriere femminili all’interno dell’accademia, formulando alcune richieste precise contenute in una lettera aperta al Governo Italiano. 

How the prion protein works

Two new studies coordinated by SISSA reveal important details about the physiological function of the prion protein, the non-pathological form of the notorious prion, the degenerate protein responsible for several diseases including “mad cow disease”. According to the new findings, the protein in its physiological form serves the important function of promoting the growth of neurites, the neural projections along which nerve impulses travel.

Gli atenei FVG per l’industria 4.0

Si firma oggi a Padova il “protocollo d’intesa per lo sviluppo congiunto in un competence center” fra le università del Triveneto. Presenti alla firma anche i rappresentanti della SISSA, dell’Università di Trieste e dell’Università di Udine. I tre atenei FVG uniranno gli forzi con le altre università per far sì che il polo triveneto sia scelto fra i competence center previsti dal Piano Nazionale Industria 4.0 del Governo Renzi.

New Funds at SISSA

Two new European grants have been awarded to Giuseppe Legname, professor at SISSA in Trieste, to study neurodegenerative diseases. The projects awarded the grants involve, in addition to SISSA, other major international centres mainly based in Europe but some in the United States as well. The projects focus on experimental models to study this type of disease.

Choosing Correct Models

A group from the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste has developed a faster and simpler methodology requiring modest resources for validating physical models ("descriptions" of molecule operation) of RNA used in molecular dynamics. These models are essential for research on RNA, one of the most important macromolecules of life, with computer simulations. The method also helps define areas of improvement for increasing accuracy of the models. The study was published in the Journal of Physical Chemistry Letters.

A grant between academia and the market

SISSA’s NeuroMicronica project  – winner of the Start Cup 2015 regional award and the PNICube prize and shortlisted for the Start Cup 2015 national award – has received an ERC Proof of Concept Grant, designed to support ERC grantees with the commercial or societal application of the results of their funded research. the new grant, obtained thanks to the collaboration of multidisciplinary groups working at SISSA, adds to the long list of grants awarded to SISSA by the ERC.

LA SISSA a TriesteNext

Anche la SISSA partecipa a TriesteNext 2016. Il titolo della nuova edizione della manifestazione è “Umano post-umano: Verso l’Homo tecnologicus?” La manifestazione si terrà a Trieste dal 23 al 25 settembre e prevede un nutrito calendario di eventi (qui è possibile trovare il programma completo). Gli eventi SISSA si svolgeranno nel corso di tutte e tre le giornate della manifestazione e prevedono conferenze, laboratori, giochi ed attività di training.

When output becomes part of input

Neurofeedback is a technique used for the treatment of clinical disorders (like depression, anxiety, chronic pain, ADHD and schizophrenia etc.) and enhancement of brain performance.  It is based on the “self-regulation” of brain activations underpinned by the principles of  feedback control systems. Feedback systems  can be found in areas such as cybernetics, industrial automation, quality control, optimization and so on.

The Science of Surnames

21 September 2016, 3:00pm

SISSA, Aula Magna

Paolo Rossi, Physicist at the University of Pisa, whose eclectic interests range from particle physics to translating early medieval texts, will be the first speaker in this season’s SISSA colloquium series. His talk will focus on the study of surnames through statistical mechanics, a useful approach for investigating population genetics.