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A “fuzzy” method for fMRI recordings

A method for data analysis used in medical diagnostics has been tested for the first time on resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. The method, which relies on “fuzziness”, proved to be as robust as the well-known and regularly used sample entropy (SampEn) method  but with the advantage of offering greater detail than sample entropy  The findings have been published in Medical Engineering and Physics.

The missing recipe

It was one of the “missing pieces” in the Theoretical Physics of Materials puzzle and today a group of SISSA researchers has finally found it: for the first time, the phenomenon of thermal conduction has been accounted for by the fundamental laws of quantum mechanics. The study, just published in Nature Physics, will allow scientists to simulate this phenomenon numerically in extreme temperature and pressure conditions, such as those existing inside planets, or for materials, such as covalent glasses or liquids, to which currently available methods do not apply.

Finish Line for First ICTP-SISSA PhD

Collaboration between Institutions in Friuli Venezia Giulia produce results. The joint PhD program between the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) and the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste is the latest example. The first concrete evidence of this is the graduation ceremony to be held on Wednesday, 21 October for the first course which began four years ago.

The gaze that hinders expression

It is not enough to observe what abilities are altered in autistic subjects, we also need to understand how each function interacts with the others. In fact, whereas in normal subjects joint attention appears to facilitate facial mimicry (both are skills relevant for human social interaction), the opposite holds true for autistic subjects. That is what a new study, just published in Autism Research, suggests.

Ritorna “De Rerum Natura”

Si sono appena aperte le iscrizioni alla seconda edizione del concorso fotografico “De Rerum Natura, la scienza in uno scatto – Luce e visione”, organizzato dal Laboratorio Interdisciplinare della Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi Avanzati (SISSA) di Trieste. Il concorso è dedicato alla natura e alla scienza. La partecipazione è aperta a tutti. I vincitori riceveranno dei premi (520, 320 e 200 euro rispettivamente al I, II e III classificato in ciascuna categoria) e avranno la possibilità di esporre le proprie fotografie alla SISSA.

SISSA to “clean” gravitational waves in CMB

SISSA has received a 3-year grant of roughly 200 thousand euros for a team of researchers to study gravitational waves in cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB). The work is part of a broader project, RadioForegrounds, within the Horizon 2020 framework of the European Commission with other European institutions (Institute of Astrophysics-- Canary Islands, The University of Cantabria, Cambridge University, the University of Manchester and CNRS in France as well as the private company, Trilogic). SISSA will focus on ridding cosmic signals of contaminants.

Battiston at SISSA: the Future of Physics

1 October 2015, 10:30

SISSA, Aula Magna “P. Budinich”

What science will be the real hotbed of discovery in the near future? According to Roberto Battiston, President of ASI, as well as prominent scientist and lecturer, there is no doubt: Astroparticle Physics. Battiston will paint a picture of the future of Physics research in the first talk of the SISSA lecture series on 1 October at 10:30 at SISSA in Trieste. The event is open to the public and will be held English. 

MHPC 2015 set to go!

Classes of the 2015/16  edition of the Master in High Performance Computing (MHPC) of SISSA/ICTP are starting today, and important news and events have been announced: in February 2016 a workshop featuring renowned guests will be held, and the Erasmus Plus partnership with the University of Ulm in Germany is confirmed, which will allow student exchanges between Italy and Germany.

Pochi giorni ancora per iscriversi

Ancora pochi giorni (fino al 29 settembre) per iscriversi alle selezioni per il nuovo biennio dello storico Master in Comunicazione della Scienza “Franco Prattico” della SISSA di Trieste. Stanno per scadere anche i termini per l’iscrizione (12 ottobre) alla “Scuola in comunicazione del rischio per la salute e per l’ambiente” della SISSA. È il momento di affrettarsi.

Modelling the helicase to understand hepatitis

NS3 is an enzyme specific to the hepatitis C virus. If developed, a drug capable of recognizing and selectively attacking it could fight the disease without side effects for the body. However, to be able to develop one we need to know more about the behaviour of this important protein in the virus replication process. Until now, we have only had some “still images” – obtained with crystallography techniques – of the interaction between the protein and the RNA, which makes the viral genome.

The Multiferroic Sandwich

Two properties are particularly sought after in materials for technology (for a variety of devices from sensors to computer memory, etc.): magnetism and ferroelectricity. Obtaining materials with both qualities is highly desirable. At the present time, these properties have shown to be almost entirely mutually exclusive, but a new study conducted by SISSA/Northwestern University introduces an innovative method which may soon become reality.  

Reading emotions in a second language

If we read about someone who is smiling and happy, without realizing it, we smile as well, and a similar reaction also occurs for the other emotions. If, however, the text is not in our mother tongue but in a second language, then our mind and body react in a blander manner. This effect, according to Francesco Foroni, the author of a new study that observed the phenomenon for the first time, may depend on the different way we learn our mother tongue and a second language.