News & Events

Snake gait

Snake locomotion is a source of inspiration for technology: graceful, silent, adaptable and efficient, it can be implemented on devices designed for the most diverse applications, from space exploration to medicine. A study carried out by a SISSA research group, just published in the Proceedings of the Royal Society A - Mathematical, Physical and Engineering Science, adds to this line of research and proposes a detailed mathematical account of one of the characteristic types of movement adopted by this animal.

Famelab 2016: Registration Open!

On February 25 the local selection of FameLab will be back on stage in Trieste! The international competition challenges young scientists with the talent of communication to tell in just 3 minutes the object of his or her study, or a fascinating scientific topic. No slide shows, graphs, videos: only a fistful of words and a talent for communication are required, to spread to the public the charm and the importance of the scientific research, in a a way that is amusing and easy to grasp.

Supercomputing gurus to meet in Trieste

Over 160 registrants for HPC-TS, the meeting that from February 24 to 26 will bring to Trieste some of the world’s leading names in “supercomputing”, currently one of the most innovative fields in science. Key guest speaker will be Jack Dongarra (University of Tennessee), a world expert in high-performance computing (HPC). The event has been organized within the framework of the MHPC, the joint SISSA/ICTP master’s course in HPC.

Workshop website

The Components of Imitation

We learn many things through imitation: how to walk, play an instument, sports, and even more. What are the processes in the brain responsible for imitation? For some years now, science has been examining the role of mirror neurons, but there is still much to understand. One study focusing on neurological patients showed that at least two components are involved in imitating gestures, each from a different hemisphere of the brain. The study, which SISSA participated in, was published in Neuropsychologia.

POLARBEAR Rules Out Cosmic Birefringence

The polarization vector of cosmic background radiation could rotate during the course of its journey towards us, and if it did, it could also cause trouble for the Standard Model for electromagnetic interactions. To understand if this rotation is taking place, we need an “eye” that can see great distances, like POLARBEAR, an instrument located in Chile at the top of the Andes.

“Metal” drugs to fight cancer

What is the mechanism of action of metal-based chemotherapy drugs (the most widely used for treating common cancers like testicular or ovarian cancer)? How can we improve their effect and reduce their toxicity? A new study combining experiments and theory has broadened our knowledge of the molecular mechanisms of these active drugs to help experimentalists devising increasingly effective drugs with fewer side effects. The study, just published in the journal ChemMedChem, was conducted with the participation of International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) of Trieste.

Prions Made in SISSA

At times, to understand something well, it is useful to rebuild  it from scratch.  It happens with prions as well: in collaboration with the BESTA Institute in Milan, the Laboratory of Prion Biology at SISSA in Trieste assembled artificial prions, devising a method for synthesizing them in a series. Lab tests showed that synthetic prions act like their biological counterparts. Results will be published on December 31 in one of the most respected journals in the industry, Plos Pathogens.

Brain plasticity from A to Z

The December issue of the journal Current Opinion in Neurobiology reviews current knowledge about brain plasticity, in its broadest sense, starting from the infinitely small (plasticity at the molecular level, in synapses) up to the macro level (the plasticity observable in human behaviour). Alessandro Treves (SISSA) and Thomas Mrsic-Flogel (University of Basel) have edited this issue involving some of the leading international experts in the field.

Better catalysts for green energy

Catalysts play a major role in the field of technology applied to renewable energy. A new study, just published in Nature Materials, provides a detailed account of how to control the electron charge of nanoparticles of platinum, an important catalyst in fuel cells, to maximize the efficiency of the process. The study is the result of an intense international collaboration involving SISSA and CNR-IOM of Trieste, the University of Barcelona, ELETTRA Sincrotrone Trieste, Friedrich-Alexander Universität Erlangen-Nürnberg in Germany and Univerzita Karlova of Prague. 

Premiazione del concorso De Rerum Natura

9 dicembre 2015, 14.00

SISSA, Aula Magna “P. Budinich”

Il 9 dicembre alle 14.00, presso l’Aula Magna della SISSA, avranno luogo le premiazioni della seconda edizione del concorso fotografico “De Rerum Natura” promosso dal Laboratorio Interdisciplinare della SISSA. Nella stessa occasione ci sarà anche un intervento di Massimo Inguscio, direttore dell’Istituto Nazionale di Ricerca Metrologica (INRIM) di Torino, dal titolo Light, Atoms and Time. La partecipazione all’evento è gratuita  e aperta  a tutti. L’intervento di Inguscio si terrà in inglese. 

A bridge with Iran

SISSA and Sharif University of Technology of Tehran come closer: a Memorandum of Understanding has just been signed that strengthens bonds between the two universities and launches a series of actions aiming at intensifying their scientific collaboration. 

DOWNLOAD > Press release

Keeping Emotions Under Control

Childhood and adolescence are ages of constant change and crucial experiences. At times the emotional weight can be difficult to manage and may lead to psychological issues in adulthood. Neurofeedback is a method that helps individuals to keep their brain activity (for example a response to an emotional event) under control. While routinely used on adults, a new study published in NeuroImage demonstrates that the technique shows promise for young people as well. 

“Disorder is almost sure” for Welcome Day

December 1, 2015, 9.30 am-12.15 am

SISSA, Main Lecture Hall

Every year, the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) in Trieste welcomes new students. This year, along with introducing the Director, fellow students, and scientists, there will be several awards given (including the Bassoli Prize for Science Communication) and the lectio magistralis on chaos  by Laure Saint-Raymond, a French mathematician.

Le “giornate triestine” della SISSA

Nelle prossime settimane si terrà un nuovo ciclo di appuntamenti organizzati dal Laboratorio Interdisciplinare della SISSA, in collaborazione con il Comune di Trieste Attraverso la fotografia, il giornalismo e i romanzi gialli, tre personaggi di spicco della cultura triestina (Ugo Borsatti, Roberto Curci e Veit Heinechen) racconteranno la storia della città dal loro speciale punto di vista. Tutti gli eventi sono gratuiti e aperti al pubblico.

Un girotondo per proteggere i più piccoli

Proteggere i bambini e i loro diritti è responsabilità degli adulti. Per ribadire questo, il 20 novembre in occasione della Giornata internazionale per i diritti dell’infanzia la Scuola Internazionale Superiore di Studi avanzati (SISSA) di Trieste ha organizzato insieme alla “SISSA dei Piccoli”, il nido aziendale, un girotondo - simbolo di questa protezione - con i bambini che frequentano la struttura, i loro genitori e tutto il personale della Scuola. 

Le malattie infettive spiegate ai ragazzi

18 Novembre 2015, ore 10.30

SISSA, Big Meeting Room (settimo piano)

The secret of resistance

Being all in one piece is not always a good strategy for resisting external strain. Biological tissues are well aware of it: they tend to crack simultaneously and gradually in several places, rather than catastrophically in one place only. This makes them particularly resistant. A group of SISSA researchers conducted a theoretical study that explains the mechanism underlying this phenomenon, which was experimentally observed in epithelial cell cultures. By doing so, they take their first steps towards creating artificial materials with features inspired by biomaterials.

A “fuzzy” method for fMRI recordings

A method for data analysis used in medical diagnostics has been tested for the first time on resting state functional magnetic resonance imaging (fMRI) data. The method, which relies on “fuzziness”, proved to be as robust as the well-known and regularly used sample entropy (SampEn) method  but with the advantage of offering greater detail than sample entropy  The findings have been published in Medical Engineering and Physics.

The missing recipe

It was one of the “missing pieces” in the Theoretical Physics of Materials puzzle and today a group of SISSA researchers has finally found it: for the first time, the phenomenon of thermal conduction has been accounted for by the fundamental laws of quantum mechanics. The study, just published in Nature Physics, will allow scientists to simulate this phenomenon numerically in extreme temperature and pressure conditions, such as those existing inside planets, or for materials, such as covalent glasses or liquids, to which currently available methods do not apply.

From good to bad with a copper switch

They turn into bad prions, but no one knew how. Now a group of SISSA scientists has finally identified the mechanism underlying the pathological transformation of prion proteins: it all depends on a metal, copper, and its bond with the protein. The findings have just been published in Scientific Reports.

DOWNLOAD > Press release

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