To move a nanoparticle on the surface of a graphene sheet, you won’t need a “nano-arm”: by applying a temperature difference at the ends of the membrane, the nanocluster laying on it will drift from the hot region to the cold one. In addition, contrary to the laws ruling the world at the macroscale, the force acting on the particle – the so-called thermophoretic force – should not decrease as the sheet length rises, sporting a so-called ballistic behavior.
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Her work tools are paper, pen and a whiteboard to use «when she needs to share ideas with others, discuss problems and look for solutions». Computers? «Yes, sometimes». Laura Foini fills everything with formulas and calculations – what is needed to study «systems out of equilibrium, my research sector, encompassed by the environment of statistical physics». It is a field in which this young researcher, born in 1984 in Brescia province, excels.
A deep understanding of the irreversibility of the arrow of time cannot ignore the quantum nature of the world that surrounds us. This is the key result of the work carried out by Vincenzo Alba and Pasquale Calabrese of the International School for Advanced Studies (SISSA) of Trieste, recently published in the journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS).
A web that passes through infinite intergalactic spaces, a dense cosmic forest illuminated by very distant lights and a huge enigma to solve. These are the picturesque ingredients of a scientific research – carried out by an international team composed of researchers from the International School for Adavnced Studies (SISSA) and the Abdus Salam International Center for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste, the Institute of Astronomy of Cambridge and the University of Washington – that adds an important element for understanding one of the fundamental components of our Universe:
An odour can trigger a memory, cause disgust or even save our lives. Nonetheless, although it is so important for our existence, olfaction still remains the most enigmatic of our senses. Its mysteries and marvels will be analysed by Nobel Prize Linda Buck during the ICTP-SISSA Colloquium open to the public, titled “Unraveling the sense of smell”. The American neurobiologist will share the main phases of forty years of research on the functioning of the olfactory system and its impact on emotions and behaviours. Buck will be in Trieste to participate in the “Conference on Frontiers in Olfaction” which will be held from 24 to 28 July at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics "Abdus Salam" (ICTP). The Colloquium will take place on Tuesday 25 July at 5:00 p.m at ICTP (Leonardo Da Vinci Building).
QUIET 2017 - Quantification of Uncertainty: Improving Efficiency and Technology - is focused on the review of recent mathematical, numerical, methodological advances and the development of new research directions for uncertainty quantification in the setting of partial differential equations with random inputs. As such, the workshop impacts the scientific, engineering, financial, economic, environmental, social, and commercial milieus, including modern themes such as data assimilation, data science and analytics.
The dichotomy concerns the so-called angular momentum (per unit mass), that in physics is a measure of size and rotation velocity. Spiral galaxies are found to be strongly rotating, with an angular momentum higher by a factor of about 5 than ellipticals. What is the origin of such a difference? An international research team investigated the issue in a study just published in The Astrophysical Journal. The team was led by SISSA Ph.D.
During a press conference held today at ICTP, Professor Stefano Fantoni announced that Trieste was finally selected to host the EuroScience Open Forum, the most important European event dedicated to science, technology, society and policy. The event will take place from 4 to 10 July 2020. Prof Fantoni declared: "We are looking forward to working with EuroScience to make Trieste 2020, with the theme 'Freedom for Science, Science for Freedom'.
The last event of SISSA SUMMER FESTIVAL 2017 will take place at SISSA's amphitheatre on Friday 14 July at 7 p.m. The Wind Orchestra of the Conservatorio G. Tartini, Trieste, will present a programme with music by Bob Mintzer, Jule Styne, Kenny Wheeler and many other authors. The concert will be held in the Main Hall in heavy weather. All interested are welcome! (Image: Pixabay)
"Women in Science. Some worldwide initiatives” is the title of the talk by Professor Silvina Ponce Dawson from Universidad de Buenos Aires scheduled for Thursday 13 July 2017. Professor Ponce Dawson is a physicist and member of the argentinian National Scientific and Technical Research Council (CONICET). The seminar is organized by SISSA's Committee for the wellbeing (CUG) and will take place in the 7th floor Big Meeting Room at 3:30 pm. All interested are welcome.
MARS42 is a Summer School aimed at providing Master and PhD students or Post-Doc researchers with useful tools for seeing their studies in a new light. The school represents a unique opportunity to acquire important skills in the field of companies’ R&D and to learn how to transform scientific research into innovative business projects. The MARS 42 Summer Entrepreneurship School will be held at SISSA between 10 and 23 July 2017. (Image: Wikipedia)
“VrVentus” and “Psychosis Prevention Project” are the two SISSA projects awarded in occasion of “The Angels' Night”. The event took place in Udine on Friday 30 June. “The Angels' Night” was the semifinal of the contest Start Cup FVG that aims to promote the development of innovative companies and the spreading of the business culture into the academic world.
SISSA SUMMER FESTIVAL is back with a show that joins science and cabaret. "Topi da laboratorio" is written and performed by a group of young researchers with different scientific backgrounds and experiences in science communication. At the centre of the story: a group of lab mice travelling to the space.
The performance will take place at 7 pm on Friday, 7 July, at SISSA's amphitheater (P. Budinich Main Hall in case of bad weather). The event (held in Italian) is free and open to the public.
Folk and tzigane music from all over the world will be the protagonist of the 4th SISSA SUMMER FESTIVAL event scheduled for Sunday 2 July. The orchestra consists of 40 boys and girls and will be led by the conductor Martin Schaefer. The concert is organized by the “Associazione musicale piano S. Suzuki”, Trieste, and will take place at SISSA’s amphitheater starting from 7 p.m. (Image: iStock)
FVG-MIT project is a new 3 year agreement recently signed by SISSA, the University of Trieste, the University of Udine and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) that aims to boost Friuli Venezia Giulia’s excellence by inserting it in a high-standard global net.
Paolo Budinich was a scientist, a dreamer, a strategist, an optimist, an initiatior. He was a sailor, too, always ready to raise anchor and set sail for new adventures. "Paolo Budinich e i paradossi dell'avventura" is the play written by Diana Hobel that tells the story of this great man to whom the Trieste's scientific institutes owe so much. This is the SISSA SUMMER FESTIVAL 2017 third event and will take place at SISSA's amphitheater (or in the Main Hall in heavy weather). The show will start at 7 p.m. All are welcome!
Carbon nanotubes exhibit interesting characteristics rendering them particularly suited to the construction of hybrid devices made of biological issue and synthetic material. These special devices are planned to re-establish connections between nerve cells, for instance at spinal level, lost on account of lesions or trauma.
SISSA director Stefano Ruffo is one of the winners of the SigmaPhi Prize 2017, together with Ralf Metzler and David Mukamel. The SigmaPhi Prize was instituted by the SigmaPhi Conference to honor exceptional achievements in Statistical Physics. Stefano Ruffo is awarded "for his outstanding contributions to the statistical and dynamical behaviour of systems of nonlinear coupled oscillators and with long-range interactions".
Gromov-Witten invariants, which ''count'' curves (with appropriate extra conditions) on smooth projective varieties, were introduced more than two decades ago; motivated by high energy physics, they ended up revolutionizing enumerative algebraic geometry and provided a bridge to other branches of mathematics. The Summer School in Enumerative Geometry will bring doctoral students, post-docs, and anyone interested from a review of the basic construction to current, state-of-the art research in this field.
“Technology innovation offer” is the title of the round table scheduled for Friday 23 June as one of the several appointments of Venice’s “Biennale innovazione 2017”. During the event, the rectors of Triveneto’s universities will present the SMACT Competence Center. Supported by these academies, the Center will be a new “ecosystem” able to create connections between companies and leading innovation actors.