Neurobiology sector



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The neurobiology sector is devoted to research on the nervous system, using a combination of molecular, cellular and integrative approaches. To understand how the brain carries out its functions one needs to understand the properties of nerve cells and the way in which they encode and transmit information. Neurobiologists seek to explain the mechanisms that account for behaviour and for cognitive higher functions in terms of sensory signals, integration and motor output. For such complex studies to be carried out a variety of experimental approaches and scientific disciplines are required ranging from mathematics and physics to biology. The Neurobiology sector represents a unique group of scientists in Italy and even in Europe through the close interactions between those disciplines, all represented at SISSA at an extraordinarily high level. Thus, collaborations exist between physicists, mathematicians and biologists who work in close proximity on the three dimensional structure of proteins of key importance for neurobiology. Similarly the shared interests of the sectors of Cognitive neuroscience, (concerned largely with higher functions in man) and Neurobiology have led to collaborations with the sector of Mathematics for the development of neurocomputational models of brain functions. One specialised division of the Neurobiology sector is devoted to the study of neurodegenerative diseases (such as Alzheimer, Parkinson, Huntington and Prion’s disease) and regeneration after injury.
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