Titles and abstracts


Kenichi KonishiAdvent of non–Abelian vortices
Generalizing the well–known Abrikosov–Nielsen–Olesen vortex solution in the Abelian Higgs model to non–Abelian gauge theories, vortex solutions carrying continuous zeromodes (vortex moduli space) were constructed in the year 2003 inspired by supersymmetric SU(N) gauge theories, triggering an intense research activity. The vast set of new results obtained since then cover the issues of non–Abelian monopoles, vortex dynamics and their relation to the gauge dynamics in 4 dimensions, study of higher–winding solutions and their moduli space, semi–local vortex solutions in theories with larger number of matter multiplets, stability of non–BPS vortex solutions, vortex solutions in gauge theories based on a more general gauge groups such as SO(N), USp(2N), etc., and the fractional vortex and sigma–model lump. Some of the most salient features of this exciting development will be discussed in these lectures.

Paul Michael SutcliffeTopological solitons and nuclei
Skyrmions are topological soliton solutions of a generalized harmonic map equation from 3–dimensional Euclidean space into SU(2). Physically the model describes a nonlinear theory of pions in which the soliton is interpreted as the nucleon. Nuclei are then modelled by multi-soliton solutions, with an identification between the number of solitons and nucleons. Results will be present on multi-soliton solutions and their symmetries: which play an important role in quantization. Rational maps between Riemann spheres will be used to provide some understanding of these results. If time permits, a connection between Skyrmions and Yang–Mills instantons will be discussed.


Stanley AlamaAnisotropy and the Ginzburg–Landau model
Anisotropic superconductors form an important class of superconducting materials, including many high–temperature superconductors, which exhibit a layered structure. I will present recent analysis of two models of layered superconductors (the anisotropic Ginzburg–Landau and the Lawrence–Doniach functionals) which illustrate how anisotropy of the material affects the orientation of the induced magnetic field and vortex lattice compared to the direction of the externally applied magnetic field.
This talk represents joint work with L. Bronsard and E. Sandier.

Daniele BartolucciSharp existence/non existence results for a critical mean field equation with singular data
We discuss a recent result obtained in collaboration with C.S. Lin concerning the Dirichlet problem for a critical mean field equation with singular data on two-dimensional simply connected domains. Necessary and sufficient conditions for the existence of solutions are obtained in terms of Riemann maps relative to the domain and the strenghts and position of the singularities.

Emanuele CagliotiThe Boltzmann–Grad limit of the periodic Lorentz Gas in two space dimensions

Francesco FucitoIntersecting branes and enumerative geometry
Systems of parallel D(-1)D3 branes can reproduce the effect of gauge instantons in the low energy limit. We review how this is possible and extend these notions to intersecting branes systems giving interesting extensions of gauge instantons to dimensions higher than four.

Robert HardtA Mass Decreasing Flow for Rectifiable Chains in some Metric Spaces
In 1993, F. Almgren, J. Taylor, and L. Wang and independently X. Cheng constructed mass–reducing flows for rectifiable currents in Euclidean space. We combine some of these arguments with recent joint work with T. DePauw on rectifiability and compactness properties for chains in a metric space having coefficients in a complete normed abelian group. There are interesting questions about the spatial slices of such flows.

Gianluca PanatiDynamics of electrons in perturbed periodic media

Adriano PisanteSymmetry of local minimizers for the three dimensional Ginzburg–Landau functional

Lesley SibnerOn hyperbolic multi–monopoles
Proof of existence of hyperbolic multi–monopoles with arbitrary positive mass at infinity is discussed. The method involves the Taubes gluing construction in which an approximate monopole is constructed from explicit well separated charge one monopoles. The analysis is more complicated than the Euclidean case due to the different behavior of the spectrum of the Laplacian on one forms. Weighted spaces are used to circumvent this difficulty and the arguments are somewhat more delicate because of this. The relationship between these monopoles and instantons with holonomy is briefly discussed. These objects appear to be of interest in Theoretical Physics where hyperbolic space occurs in models involving anti-de Sitter space. Recent interest in calorons is also somewhat related to this research.
This is a joint work with Robert Sibner.

Daniel SpirnVortex motion in thin micromagnetic materials
A simplified model for the energy of the magnetization of a thin ferromagnetic film gives rise to a version of the theory of Ginzburg–Landau vortices for sphere–valued maps. The dynamics of the magnetization is ruled by the Landau–Lifshitz–Gilbert equation, which combines characteristic properties of a nonlinear Schrödinger equation and a gradient flow. I will discuss the motion of the vortex centers under this evolution equation.
This is joint work with M. Kurzke, C. Melcher, and R. Moser.

Peter SternbergWhen does a vortex have a reason to live?
Within Ginzburg–Landau theory, which models the behavior of a superconductor subjected perhaps to magnetic or electric fields, the central object of study is the vortex, that is, a zero of the complex–valued order parameter carrying nontrivial degree. Analyses of minimizers of the GL energy and of solutions of the time–dependent GL evolution focus on locating and tracking the vortices. In this talk, I will survey a wide array of settings and results by various authors in which the mechanism leading to the appearance of vortices is expected and relatively well understood, others in which vortex appearance is somewhat surprising and/or not well understood, as well as some open questions about whether or not stable vortices can make any appearance at all.

Takashi SuzukiSmoluchowski–Poisson equation and its relatives – method of the scaling weak limit

Yisong YangElectrically Charged Solitons in Gauge Field Theory and Calculus of Variations
Monopoles and vortices are well known magnetically charged soliton solutions of gauge field equations. Extending the idea of Dirac on monopoles, Schwinger pioneered the concept of solitons carrying both electric and magnetic charges, called dyons, which are useful in modeling elementary particles. Mathematically, the existence o dyons presents interesting variational PDE problems, subject to topological constraints. This talk is a survey on recent progress in the study of dyons.

Talks by young speakers

Veronica FelliLocal asymptotics at singularities for many–particle Schringer operators
We discuss asymptotics of solutions to Schringer equations with singular homogeneous potentials. Through an Almgren type monotonicity formula and separation of variables, we describe the exact behavior near the singularity of solutions to at most critical semilinear elliptic equations with cylindrical and quantum multi–body singular potentials.

Annibale MagniOn Perelman's Dilaton
We will describe a framework to describe the gradient–like structure of the Ricci flow.

Peter MasonTwo–component Bose–Einstein condensates under rotation
Bose–Einstein condensation is a macroscopic quantum phenomenon that occurs in very cold dilute alkali gases and was first experimentally realised in 1995. It is the condensation of atoms into the lowest available energy state, the ground state. The dynamics within a Bose–Einstein condensate (BEC) are governed by a non–linear differential equation in terms of a single macroscopic wavefunction, the Gross–Pitaevskii (GP) equation, that permits a wide variety of physical phenomena. When a mixture of different BEC's is considered (be it different isotopes of the same atom, different atoms or atoms in different spin states) the physical phenomena becomes even richer.
Here I will consider a two–component BEC placed into rotation where all interactions are repulsive. The dynamics are governed by a coupled GP equation and exhibit various phenomena such as coreless vortices that form triangular or square lattices or might even be isolated. Other features of interest are symmetry breaking states and the appearance of giant coreless vortices. A detailed phase diagram of the various features will be shown.

Dimitri MugnaiA Schrödinger–Poisson system with positive potential
Some results on the existence of finite energy solutions for a Schrödinger–Poisson system will be presented. The main novelty is the presence of a positive potential in the Schrödinger equation.

Yuko NagaseAnalysis of interface and its curvature
In the two–phase problem, in the variational problem of the Modica–Mortola type energy under volume constraint, it is well–known that the energy converges to the surface area of the minimal surface. For the curvature, Luckhaus and Modica showed Lagrange multiplier which comes from the volume constraint in the Euler–Lagrange equation converges to constant the mean curvature of the limit interface.
In this talk, we consider the generalization of this problem to the non homogeneous anisotropic energy. We also present an application to the stochastic Allen–Cahn equation.

Alessio PomponioOn the Schrödinger–Maxwell equations in presence of a general nonlinear term

Ryo TakahashiCritical exponents of a semilinear elliptic equation with constraints in higher dimensional space
We are concerned with a semilinear elliptic equation with constraints in higher dimensional space. The problem has the properties close to the Liouville equation in two dimensional space. Classification of entire solutions with bounded energy condition, existence of a $\sup + \inf$ type inequality, quantized blowup mechanism are shown, and then, simplicity of the blowup points, their locations, and classification of the singular limits are studied for the free boundary value problem.

Gianmaria VerziniUniform Hölder bounds for nonlinear Schrödinger systems with strong competition

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